Ukraine has introduced export licences for its key agricultural commodities – wheat, corn, and sunflower oil – the Interfax-Ukraine news agency attributed to a government resolution on Sunday.
The document noted that traders would also need licences to export poultry and eggs.
Ukraine is among the world’s leading producers and exporters of grain and vegetable oils.
The world’s largest exporter of sunflower oil had also announced that it can export more than 60 million tonnes of grain – including 33 million tonnes of corn and 23 million tonnes of wheat – in the 2021/22 July-June season.
Earlier on Sunday, Ukraine suspended exports of several agricultural commodities in the face of Russia’s invasion of the country.
The government suspended exports of rye, oats, millet, buckwheat, salt, sugar, meat and livestock.
State-run Ukrainian Railways, meanwhile, has announced that it is ready to organise agricultural exports by rail as a matter of urgency, after closure of the country’s Black Sea ports because of the military invasion.
Ukraine has historically exported its grain, vegetable oils, and other food products by ship.
Ukrainian Railways announced that it might deliver grain to its borders with Romania, Hungary, Slovakia and Poland, from where it can be delivered to ports and logistical hubs of European countries.
The agriculture ministry announced that Ukraine had exported 43 million tonnes of various grains in the 2021/22 season as of 23 February.
Ukraine increased its grain production by 32% in 2021, to 85.7 million tonnes.